A dry and flaky scalp is often due to seborrheic dermatitis, more commonly known as dandruff. This is a chronic recurrent condition that can result in redness, itching and flaking of the scalp. It may also affect the ears, eyebrows and sides of the nose, causing redness and flaking.
The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is thought to be a combination of overproduction of skin oil and irritation from a yeast called Malassezia. Malassezia can be found on most people’s skin but people who suffer from seborrheic dermatitis are especially sensitive to it. Although this is not a condition that poses any health risk, it can be irritating and embarrassing for sufferers.
TREATMENT & CARE FOR DANDRUFF
- Anti-fungal shampoos - these can reduce the intensity and frequency of flares, reducing the flaking.
- Tar shampoos - these can be used to control itching, inflammation and flaking.
- Steroid scalp lotions - can be used in conjunction with shampoos to control the symptoms.
- Anti-fungal and mild steroid creams - these can be applied to the affected areas of the face and ears to control redness and flaking.