Abnormal nails may be due to simple infections or trauma, or signal more serious underlying health problems. Do see your dermatologist for a successful diagnosis and treatment. Nail abnormalities can present as:
- Changes in nail colour, shape or thickness
- Presence of pain, bleeding, discharge or swelling of surrounding skin
- Any lumps under or around the nail
The common causes of abnormal nails include fungal or bacterial infections, trauma or skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. Rarely it may be due to underlying cancer or other medical problems.
Appropriate tests will be arranged by your dermatologist to ascertain your diagnosis. A biopsy (sample) of the nail matrix and removal of abnormal nails for testing can also be performed if necessary.
TREATMENT & CARE FOR NAIL PROBLEMS
Depending on the cause, treatment options may include:
- Topical or oral antibiotics for bacterial infections
- Topical or oral anti-fungal medicines for fungal infections
- Treatments for any underlying skin disease
- Surgery and laser ablation for pincer or ingrown nails
- Advice on appropriate nail protection and care