Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that appears as red patches of inflamed skin with silvery white scales, often on the elbows, knees, scalp and face. It may also affect the nails and joints.
Both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of psoriasis. Triggers can include infections, stress, alcohol, smoking and certain medications.
Psoriasis is not contagious but it can be a source of discomfort and embarrassment for the sufferer.
TREATMENT & CARE FOR PSORIASIS
- Topical treatment - topical steroids, coal tar and vitamin D based creams can be applied onto the skin and scalp to control mild to moderate psoriasis.
- Phototherapy - ultraviolet light can be used in different ways to treat psoriasis.
- Oral treatment - immunosuppressive medicines can be considered for moderate to severe psoriasis.
- Injections - special injections known as biologics can block specific pathways involved in psoriasis and are increasingly being used and developed.
It is important to be aware that psoriasis can be associated with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and obesity. Annual health checks are recommended for psoriasis patients.